In this response, we argue for the importance of understanding teachers' and administrators' beliefs about civic education, as well as how those beliefs may influence teachers' practices. We commend the authors for examining the beliefs of principals and school board members—groups rarely surveyed—but question how their beliefs may affect the teaching and learning of citizenship in schools.

Response to Article

Elizabeth A. Lowham and James R. Lowham, Civic Meanings: Understanding the Constellations of Democratic and Civic Beliefs of Educators